Outline shows a
conscientious effort to be complete and explain the questions posed.Most answers are correct.
Student shows depth of
answers by explaining, defining, and giving examples where
appropriate.If there is a sentence
or less for each question, this grading criterion is not met.
Empty Outline 2:
Chemistry and Organic Molecules
Review:Reference Chapter 2
Atoms:the smallest unit of matter
Use your student CD to learn and review
these concepts.I will refer to the CD
throughout the quarter.
To install your CD, place it in your CD
drive in your computer, go to mycomputer and then double click on the drive that you
just placed the CD into.To launch the
CD the first time, you will be asked to enter your access code.You will find the access code on the first
page of your textbook right under the CD itself.There are directions on how to log on to www.campbellbiology.com.Follow those directions.
Go to Chapter 2 on the student CD.Click on activities on the left margin of the screen.Choose Structure of the Atomic
nucleus.Complete the activity to
review what you have read on atoms.
Go to the next activity Electron arrangement and complete this
activity.These will help you
answer these first few questions.
Name and describe the three subatomic particles that makeup atoms.
NameLocation in atomCharge
Draw an atomic diagram for each atom described below (include
components of the nucleus and correct number of electrons in each shell):
What is an electron shell?How many electrons are in the first shell?Second?Third?
What if the outer shell is not full of electrons?
Define the term chemical bond:
What is a covalent bond?
Show an electron diagram of a covalent bond between 2 hydrogen
Why would two hydrogen atoms want to form a bond with each
other?Are they stable now?Why weren’t they stable before?
What is a double covalent
Show an electron diagram of a double covalent bond between two
Why would two oxygen atoms want to form a double covalent
Define a hydrogen bond.The
last activity on your student CD for chapter 2 discusses hydrogen bonds.
Explain/diagram how water is a good example of a hydrogen bond.
Describe the difference between an atom and an ion.
Describe/define what an ionic bond is.
Explain how NaCl (salt) is a good example
of an ionic bond.
Organic Molecules:Reference Chapter 5
What is the difference between an organic molecule and an inorganic
molecule and give some example of each.
What is a biological molecule?
What are the 4 major groups
of biological molecules in living things?
24.What is a polymer?Monomer?
25. Discuss the difference between the processes of
dehydration synthesis (condensation reactions) and hydrolysis.
water insoluble?Explain why.
A saturated fat is made up
of three fatty acids attached to a glycerol.An unsaturated fat is made up of fatty
acids attached to a glycerol.So,
what is the chemical difference between saturated and unsaturated
fats?Why would saturated fats hold
more calories and therefore, be worse for you?
is made up of two fatty acids and one phosphate group attached to a
glycerol.This molecule has a polar
(charged part) and a non-polar (uncharged part).Where on the molecule is there a charge,
or what part of the molecule is polar?What part of the molecule is non-polar?
What is the structure that
is similar in all 20 amino acids (explain the parts).What is a functional group (side chain)?
If serine forms a bond with lysine what
is the kind of bond called?How
does a polypeptide form?
Briefly describe the
primary, secondary, tertiary and quartenary
structure of proteins.Why is this
3-D shape important to the functioning of proteins?
What is the name for many monosaccharides linked together?
What are the main
polysaccharides found in plants?What are their functions?What are the equivalent molecules found in animals?