Use Chapter 1 as a Reference
Outline Grading Criteria
Empty Outline 1:
What are the properties of a living organism?
Survey of the Kingdoms
What is Science (Scientific Method)
The science of biology is enormous in scope—it spans unimaginable size scales, from the study of submicroscopic molecules to the global distribution of biological communities which contain an estimated 5 to 100 million different species of organisms. The field of biology encompasses life over incomprehensible stretches of time, from the present to nearly 4 billion years ago. With rapid information flow (via the Internet, books, magazines, scientific journals, etc.) and an explosion of discoveries in labs and field stations around the world each year, biology is in a continuous state of change making it impossible for any one individual to keep pace. Fortunately, there are several enduring themes that pervade the science of biology. This Active Learning Exercise, together with chapter 1 of your textbook, will introduce you to these unifying themes—
· Life’s Hierarchical Order
· A Survey of the Kingdoms
· Science as a Process
Keep these themes in mind as you study biology in this course and in your future biological endeavors.
Life’s Hierarchical Order
Complete the diagram below of life’s hierarchical order. Write a concise definition next to each term.
Life’s Hierarchical Order
At the Organismal Level Beyond the Individual Organism
Atoms Organisms in a single species in a
Tissues Biosphere (Earth)
Emergent Properties of Life:
1. Describe the emergent properties of life here as found on page 5 of your text: Some of these terms you will first need to define, then explain how/why they are a characteristic of living organisms. In other words, list and describe seven of the major characteristics that all living things have in common.
c) growth and development
d) energy utilization
e) response to the environment
g) evolutionary adaptation
1. Define what a prokaryotic cell is. Describe the major parts. Use chapter 7 (Chapter 1 also has info).
2. Define what a eukaryotic cell is. Describe the major parts. Use chapter 7 (Chapter 1 also has info).
3. Although there is no single correct way to classify the great diversity of life on our planet, the five-kingdom approach is widely used by many biologists. List the five kingdoms of life, give examples of each, and indicate the major distinguishing features between the kingdoms. In addition to Chapter 1, use Chapter 26 as a reference.
4. Indicate which of the five kingdoms the following characteristics would be
associated with. We are putting bacteria and archeabacteria into a
kingdom titled Monera (bacteria).
a. Unicellular, prokaryotic
b. multicellular and autotrophic
c. unicellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic
d. multicellular, heterotrophic, ingestive
e. multicellular and photosynthetic
f. unicellular and eukaryotic
g. multicellular, heterotrophic, absorptive
Science as a Process (Scientific Method) (Use Chapter 1 as a resource)
1. What are the steps to the scientific method? Describe each.
2. What are the parts to a controlled experiment?
3. What are the limits of science?
4. Teleological statements are unproductive in explaining the cause for various scientific phenomena.
a) What is teleology?
b) Take these two teleological statements and correctly phrase them so that they do not imply goal or purpose and are therefore more scientific.
1) “Birds have wings so that they can fly”.
2) “Ducks developed webbed feet to be able to swim more efficiently”.
5. Why are teleological statements unscientific?